ANTAM focal point is the Ministry of Agriculture of the Republic of Armenia which develops and implements government’s policies in the field of agriculture and forestry.
ANTAM focal point is the Department of Agricultural Extension (DAE) that belongs to the Ministry of Agriculture. DAE is the largest public organization in Bangladesh mandated for the dissemination of agricultural technology with a special focus on farm mechanization technology. Its goal is to strengthen entrepreneurship and create favorable business models for local service providers. Under the leadership of Mr. Sheikh Md Nazimuddin, the DAE has been implementing countrywide mechanization activities for the last five years, including the promotion and adoption of modern argil, the conduction of training programs for village mechanics and operators, as well as the provision of subsidy programs for general farm machinery. Most recently, the DAE initiated to establish a laboratory for agricultural machinery testing and standardization in which the ANTAM Codes should serve as a benchmark.
ANTAM focal point is the Department of Agricultural Engineering (DAEng) which is supervised by the General Directorate of Agriculture (GDA) of the Cambodian Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF). The DAEng consists of eight centers is in contact with all provincial offices concerning agricultural engineering, agricultural education institutions as well as local manufacturers and farmers. It’s responsibilities include research on farm machinery and equipment for pre and postharvest technologies and profitable agricultural production. Moreover, the DAEng’s tasks include the identification of zones according to respective soil and crop types in order to give guidelines on which kind of agricultural equipment to be used to strengthen agricultural output. Furthermore, the DAEng serves as an information provider regarding the utilization of farming equipment and machinery for users and other relevant stakeholders.
ANTAM focal point is the national-level supervisory agency for agricultural machinery testing, appraisal and certification – the China Agricultural Machinery Testing Centre (CAMTC) founded in 1951. Ever since its establishment, CAMTC worked on the testing, quality inspection and supervision of agricultural machinery with the aim to promote production, use and dissemination of advanced machinery.
The center’s scope of responsibilities include the management of the catalogues of agricultural machinery products recommended by the country; the supervision of quality complaints relating to agricultural machinery products; quality investigations on agricultural machinery; quality certifications of agricultural products; enhance users expertise on usage and testing; serving as an information service; management of standards drawings related to agricultural mechanization as well as repairing and maintenance management. CAMTC also assists the government in the policy-making process and offers high quality services for manufacturers and customers of agricultural machinery.
CAMTC carries out experiments, tests and inspections of more than 80 machine- and spare parts types, among those for example tractors, internal combustion engines, combine harvesters, field management machinery, postharvest processing machinery, water-saving irrigation and plant protection machinery. Tests and inspections are conducted in accordance with international, national and trade standards.
CSAM focal point is Irstea is a public scientific and technical institute in joint supervision with the French Ministry of Research and the Ministry of Agriculture. It also holds an agreement with the Ministry of Ecology, the co-signatory of its constitutive decree.. Irstea is a national research institute of science and technology for environment and agriculture. Its work is based on a multidisciplinary and systemic approach to three domains – water, environmental technologies and land.
Its mission is to implement coordinate and support all scientific and technological research in the areas of developing sustainable land management, especially on agricultural and natural land resource management in the medium and long-term.
Iresta boasts a dual culture of researchers and engineers who tackle environmental matters from three angles: research, innovation and expertise. By studying ecosystems on a countrywide basis, they provide indispensable theoretic knowledge to help understand ecosystems, and work to create solutions to reduce the impacts of human activity on the environment whilst providing expertise on public policies at the request of decision-makers. The institute is heavily involved with training though research by hosting doctoral and post-doctoral students every year in collaboration with doctoral schools, universities and higher education establishments.
ANTAM focal point is the Regional Cooperation Division of the Trade and Industry Department of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR) of the People’s Republic of China. The Trade and Industry Department is responsible for handling the HKSAR’s commercial relations with its trading partners, providing general support services for the industrial sector as well as implementing trade policies and agreements including the issuing of certificates of origin or export and import licenses. The department currently has seven divisions. The Multilateral Trade Division deals with the multilateral aspects of Hong Kong’s external commercial relations, such as its participation in the World Trade Organization (WTO) and the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). The Regional Cooperation Division coordinates Hong Kong’s participation in the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) and is also responsible for multilateral matters relating to market access and government procurement. Other divisions are the Europe Division, the Americas Division, the Mainland Division, the Systems Division (registration for exporters, importers, origin certifications etc. ), the Industry Support Division, the Administration Branch and the Information and Public Relations Section.
ANTAM focal point is the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), which is an autonomous organization under the Department of Agricultural Research and Education (DARE) of the Ministry of Agriculture of India.
Formerly known as Imperial Council of Agricultural Research, it was established in July 1929. Headquartered in New Delhi, the council is the apex body for co-coordinating, guiding and managing research and education in the field of agriculture including horticulture, fisheries and animal sciences in the entire country.
With 100 ICAR institutes and 70 agricultural universities across the country, it is one of the largest national systems for promoting agricultural development in the world. ICAR has played a pioneering role in ushering green revolution and subsequent developments in agriculture in India through its research and technology development. It has also been one of the most important promoters of excellence in higher education in agriculture and it is engaged in cutting edge science and technology development together with internationally acknowledged scientists in the respective fields.
One of the leading engineering institution under ICAR lead is the Central Institute of Agricultural Engineering (CIAE), established in Bhopal, India in February 1976. It is mandated to undertake research on production processes, including postharvest technology, energy-use in agriculture and rural industries in order to improve and develop equipment and technology. At the present, CIAE has five divisions: Agricultural Mechanization, Agricultural Energy and Power, Irrigation and Drainage Engineering, Agro Produce Processing and Technology Transfer. It also forms coordination cells for all four Indian coordinated research projects such as on Farm Implements and Machinery, Utilization of Animal Energy, Renewable Energy Sources and Ergonomics, as well as Safety in Agriculture. Further two centers belong to the CIAE – the Krishi Vigyan Kendra and an outreach industrial extension project located in Coimbatore. The network of AICRPs helps to identify specific regional problems which are then solved accordingly through experts of CIAE or other partners.
Website: http://www.icar.org.in/; www.ciae.nic.in/
CSAM focal point is the Indonesian Center for Agricultural Engineering Research and Development (ICAERD) which is part of the research arm of the Indonesian Agency for Agricultural Research and Development (IAARD) which itself is a body of the Indonesian Ministry of Agriculture. The IAARD oversees the work of 11 research and development centers. Each centre focuses on specific issues such as food crops, horticulture, estate crops, livestock, veterinary, soil and agro-climate, agro-socio economics dynamics, biotechnology and agricultural technology assessment etc.
The ICAERD is focused on machinery design for a wide range of equipment covering all agricultural phases – from land preparation to postharvest processing. In addition, the ICAERD also serves as a testing centre of agricultural machinery for the purposes of standardization, certification and monitoring of equipment use.
MARDI was established with the main objectives of generating and promoting new, appropriate and efficient technologies towards the advancement of the agriculture, food and agro-based industries. MARDI is managed and guided by the regulations and policies set by the MARDI Governing Board and consented by the Minister of Agriculture And Agro-Based Industry. In matters pertaining to finance the consensus of the Minister of Finance is also obligatory.Whereas, the Scientific Council ensures that MARDI technical programs attain the highest quality and level of competence.
MARDI is mandated to fulfill the following functions:
- To conduct researches in the fields of science, technical, economy, and social with regards to: Production, utilization and processing of all crops and integrated farming.
- To serve as a center for collecting and disseminating information and advisory services pertaining to scientific matters, technical and economy related to food, agriculture and agro-based industry. These functions are accomplished through publication of reports, periodicals and related papers and organizing of exhibitions, conferences and seminars, andlectures.
- To serve as a center that provides expert services in food, agriculture and agro-based industry such as consultancy services, laboratory analysis, quality assurance and contract research and development (R&D).
- Provision of various forms of trainings to cater for the development of the food, agriculture and agro-based industry.
- Provision of grant-in-aid for pure and applied scientific, technical and economic research and development related to food, agriculture and agro-based industry.
- To maintain liaison with local and foreign public and private organizations engaged in scientific, technical, economic and social researches related to food, agriculture and agro-based industry.
- To conduct commercial research and production.
The Agricultural Engineering Unit was established on August 23, 1953 under the Ministry of Agriculture with the purpose of developing infrastructures such as farm building, farm road and irrigation facilities in various newly established farms/stations and agricultural development offices throughout Nepal. The unit was later upgraded to section and then to division. After the establishment of Nepal Agricultural Research Council (NARC) in 1991, the Agricultural Engineering Division (AED) was mandated to develop appropriate technology in Agricultural Engineering for various agro-ecological zones of the country. In 1994, the Agricultural Engineering Division under NARC was designated as National Institute (NI) and focal point of Regional Network for Agricultural Machinery (RNAM), later Asian and Pacific Centre for Agricultural Engineering and Machinery (APCAEM) and now Center for Sustainable Agricultural Mechanization (CSAM). In 2016, the AED was designated focal point of Asian and Pacific Network for Testing of Agricultural Machinery (ANTAM).
ANTAM focal point is the Agricultural and Biological Engineering Institute, located in Islamabad, Pakistan.
The institute aims to promote farm mechanization throughout the country through development, performance evaluation and commercialization of appropriate agricultural mechanization technologies by involving both public and private sector organizations. It focuses on three programs. Namely, the Energy Systems Engineering Programme, the Bio-Process Engineering Programme and the Machine Systems Engineering Programme. The institute offers some basic testing equipment and instruments, e.g. for performance testing of new tractors, horsepower measurement, sound level meter, strain gauges, microcomputer with visual display unit and test rigs for testing of different seed metering mechanisms etc. Further, it provides prototype fabrication workshop and a design section. The latter is equipped with designing equipment and instruments such as modern drawing boards and AutoCAD design facilities for engineers and draftsmen. Serving as a means to transfer know-how, the design office has a small library of technical drawings of the ABEI developed machines, which are handed out to manufacturers on request.
ANTAM focal point is the Agricultural Rural Machinery Testing and Evaluation Center (AMTEC) of the University of the Philippines located in Los Baños. AMTEC was founded as a response to the need for an official testing agency for agricultural machinery to guide farmers, agricultural machinery manufacturers and financing institutions in determining suitability of agricultural machines and equipment used under the Philippine conditions. AMTEC was founded in July 1977 in order to ensure quality control and to develop and secure high technical competence. Originally it was established through a memorandum of agreement between the Department of Agriculture (DA) and the University of the Philippines in Los Baños (UPLB). However, in the beginning of 1996, UPLB gained full control of AMTEC. As the director of UPLB is also an academic member of the university, the center College of Engineering and Agro-Industrial Technology (CEAT) of UPLB is the implementing unit of AMTEC.
The center goals include the establishment of standards for machinery performance, the creation of standardized testing procedures and performance indices along with the conduction of laboratory and field tests of machinery, the evaluation of results using rationalized criteria and the dissemination of information to concerned agencies, local farmers and fishers. On top of that, its sub-functions are to identify critical machine parts that should be standardized to allow inter-changeability and complementation in the manufacture and maintenance of agricultural and fishery machinery and also to assess spare parts supply and after-sales service capabilities of firms engaged in manufacturing and selling of agricultural machinery. On top of that, students are being trained and results/standards are being disseminated via electronic channels.
Website: http: //amtec.uplb.edu.ph/index.php
ANTAM focal point is the Association of Test Engineers of Agricultural Machinery and Technology (ATEAM), the Chairman of ATEAM Dr. Vadim M. Pronin was nominated as principal reference person with agreement of three Russian ministries: the Ministry of Economic Development, the Ministry of Industry and Trade and the Ministry of Agriculture. The headquarters of ATEAM is located on the territory of the Volga state machinery testing station near Samara city. The association «ATEAM» includes 11 state testing stations in the Russian testing system of the Ministry of Agriculture of Russia and the Rosinformagrotech Research Institute, which is also administered by the Ministry of Agriculture of Russia. The Association was established in 2003 as an independent non-profit organization for cooperation with Ministry of Agriculture of Russia to solve problems of agricultural development. Specifically, to re-equip the agricultural production with high-performance, reliable, safe and comfortable machinery, training and skills development as well as to summarize and disseminate science and effective technologies, domestic and foreign experience and to provide information to agribusiness producers.
The Association ATEAM developed and adopted over 160 branch standards on test methods for agricultural machinery, which are used by all the Russian machinery testing stations. At the presen, the Association is creating international standards for test methods of agricultural machinery on the basis of above-mentioned standards, which will allow the test centers of the Customs Union member states use them in tests of agricultural machinery.
Republic of Korea
Further information to be received shortly
The Farm Machination Research Center (FMRC) is located within the Mahailluppallama Agricultural complex, outside of Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka. It is the sole institution to promote farm mechanization in Sri Lanka by introducing farm mechanization technology in order to reduce production costs, improve quality, enhance productivity and increase the volume of agricultural products. The center hast four sections: a research and development, a testing and evaluation, an agricultural and industrial extension, as well as a vehicle maintenance and repairing section.
The major objectives are to introduce agricultural mechanization technologies compatible with the socio economic and field conditions prevailing in different parts of Sri Lanka. This is carried by identifying mechanization needs according to priorities and constraints in different farming systems, through the selection and testing of promising machinery and implements, through the development, modification and adaptation of agricultural machinery and implements to suit local conditions as well as through the preparation of technical drawings, test reports and instruction manuals for selected implements. The Center was established to transfer technology to local manufacturers and to enhance usage and thus enlarge their production capabilities through appropriate agricultural machinery and implements.
ANTAM focal point is the Agricultural Engineering Research Institute Department of Agriculture (AERI) in Bangkok, Thailand. AERI is a body under leadership of the Department of Agriculture and the Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives. Its mandates is to conduct research on agricultural machinery and agricultural processes as well as to provide technical support to other agencies. Furthermore, AERI is one of the testing agencies to test and evaluate agricultural machinery in accordance to the corresponding standards set by the Thai Industrial Standard Institute (TISI). It also promotes local manufacturing of agricultural machinery, especially in terms of transferring research results to designs. Accordingly, AERI provides mechanical drawings of prototypes, technical assistance and evaluates the performance tests of the corresponding machines. Additionally it offers training courses.
AERI consists of four sections, three research groups and three research centers for agricultural engineering. The four sections consist of an Administrative Section, the Repair and Maintenance Section, the Fabrication and Production Section which is responsible for the fabrications and modifications of prototypes according to the drawings handed down by the research groups. The latter also manufactures parts, equipment, and machines as requested by the research agencies of the Department of Agriculture and other institutes. The fourth section is the Agricultural Land Development Section, which has the duty to improve the drainage system, water utilization, and flood control system of the agencies of the Department of Agriculture. Other services rendered by this section are cost estimations and detailed drawings of office buildings, land leveling, construction of farm roads and flood control systems, as well as land consolidation activities for planting areas. The three research groups consist of a research project administrative group and the crop production engineering research group, which is conducting research concerning agricultural machinery involved in the pre harvest and harvesting operations. This second research group is also responsible for the testing and evaluating of pre-harvest and harvesting machinery according to requirements set by national standards. The third research group is called the postharvest engineering research group which conducts research on postharvest machinery and processing technologies. It also tests and evaluates this machinery according to national standards. Furthermore, there are three agricultural engineering research centers, in Chinag Mai, Khon Kaen and Chanthaburi, which are conducting research on agricultural machinery.
Further information to be received shortly